under the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan
The President's Address to the People of Kazakhstan
Growing welfare of kazakh citizens: increase in income and quality of life
Well-being of the population and accession of Kazakhstan to the list
of 30 developed countries are the long-term goals of our independent state.
On 3rd and 4th of December, in Almaty was held a Regional dialogue «Youth Involvement and PVE – analysis of the relationship». The discussion focused on the prevention of violent extremism among young people in Central Asia, analysis of best practices of involving young men and women in preventive measures, as well as the effectiveness of the state youth policy. These problems are updated in the context of the recent high-profile terrorist acts committed by immigrants from Central Asia, the presence of terrorist fighters from the region who went to fight in the zone of the Syrian conflict, as well as an increase in the number of labor migrants from Central Asia, who, being vulnerable, can be recruited into terrorist organizations.
The event was organized by the UNDP regional project «Strengthening sustainable local community and regional cooperation to prevent violent extremism in Central Asia», which is implemented in all the countries of the region with the support of the government of Japan.
The regional dialogue was attended by experts of the Kazakhstan Institute for strategic studies under the President of Kazakhstan – chief researcher Irina Chernykh and senior researcher of the Department of international studies Anastasia Reshetnyak.
Irina Chernykh in his speech stressed that the youth is a potential subject of political processes and political modernization in Kazakhstan, therefore, value orientations, motivation, mood, and behavioral patterns of the Kazakhstan youth affect the prospects and quality of modernization of the country. It is believed that the radicalization of public consciousness – as a global trend, and young people, because of age characteristics, the most susceptible to the perception of radical ideas. Therefore, the prevention of violent extremism among young people is one of the topical issues of youth policy in Kazakhstan. At the same time, I.Chernykh noted that the implementation of preventive measures should be carried out taking into account the following settings:
- Young people are not monolithic, but include different identification groups that may have different values, behaviours, living conditions, etc;
- Radicalization-an individual process, which is influenced by a unique set of factors (the same factors can have different effects on different people), and the analysis of identification processes among young people;
- Radicalization processes are determined by the nature and characteristics of identification processes;
- The most effective level of prevention is at the local or community level.
The main idea expressed by I. Chernykh in his speech was the thesis that it is not necessary to securitize young people and consider it as a potential factor of destabilization of public order, and it is necessary to conduct research at the local level, in order to better understand the situation.