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Kazakhstan Institute for Strategic Studies

under the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan

Address of the President to the people of Kazakhstan

New opportunities for development in the conditions of the Fourth industrial revolution

 

Kazakhstan has everything necessary to enter the number of leaders of the new world

Comments on the review of the ten most important events that will occur in Central Asia in 2018

 

 

Omarov Meirat,

Head of External Policy

and International Security

KAZISS under the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan

 

The Kazakhstan Council on Foreign Relations (KCFR), whose member is the Director of KAZISS under the President of Kazakhstan, Zarema Shaukenova, once again presented an overview of the ten most important events that will take place in Central Asia in 2018. One of the positive trends, according to experts, is the strengthening of cooperation between the states of the region.

It should be noted that 2017 was a breakthrough for the resumption of cooperation between the states of the region with the coming to power in Uzbekistan of Shavkat Mirziyeev. The format of cooperation of bilateral or trilateral interactions in the region: Kazakhstan-Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan-Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan-Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan-Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan-Uzbekistan-Turkmenistan, laid in 2017, will continue in the current year.

The thesis, voiced by the experts of KCFR, about the fact that in 2018 the Central Asian countries will continue to search for understanding and enter a more stable form of interaction is confirmed by the proposal of the President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyeva (November 10, 2017) to organize annual regular consultative meetings of the heads of Central Asian states for joint search for solutions to common regional problems.

At the same time, the leader of Kazakhstan, Nursultan Nazarbayev, who during the period of independence was an active supporter of regional cooperation and the initiator of integration processes in the region, supported the idea of ​​creating a new informal advisory platform for the heads of Central Asia and expressed the intention to invite the heads of state of the region to Kazakhstan to hold the first meeting in this format in the spring of 2018.

The crisis in the relations between Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, which began with the non-diplomatic statements of the former Kyrgyz President A. Atambayev to Kazakhstan, is currently exhausted and will not serve as an obstacle to cooperation in bilateral and multilateral formats.

It should be taken into account that despite the intensification of cooperation between all the Central Asian countries, relations between the key countries of the region - Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan - will act as a locomotive of cooperation.

It should be emphasized that today Central Asia is becoming one of the key players in international energy and transport projects. Promotion of large regional transport, communication and energy projects, as well as the creation of an atmosphere of good-neighborliness and security are impossible without active interaction between the countries of the region and their high level of integration.

In the opinion of KCFR experts, the water issue is of exceptional importance for the further development of the entire Central Asian region, which, at the same time, correlates with the intensification of cooperation in Central Asia.

The current year will be marked by the 25th anniversary of the International Fund for Saving the Aral Sea, which is an effective interstate mechanism for resolving problems in the water sector. A significant component of the meetings and discussions on this date will be the problems of preserving the environment, restoring the areas around the Aral Sea, destroyed by the irrational use of water.

It should be noted that Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan have confirmed the unity of positions on the need to revitalize the Fund. In this regard, it was decided to hold a summit in 2018 and discuss ways of mutually acceptable solution of common problems.

With regard to the launch of the Rogun hydropower plant in Tajikistan, which will become the largest in Central Asia, the positions of the countries in the lower reaches of the Amu Darya and Syr Darya are unified. Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan are sympathetic to the desire of "brotherly neighbors" to use water for their own purposes and are ready to participate in various hydropower projects, but without prejudice to themselves.

It should be noted that, in the opinion of the Heads of State of Central Asia, the transboundary water resources of the region are a common property and good of all the peoples of the region.

In addition, experts expect that this year will be signed the convention on the legal status of the Caspian Sea within the framework of the fifth Caspian Summit, which will be held in Kazakhstan.

At the fifth summit of the Caspian Five, which includes Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Iran and Russia, a fundamental legal document will be ratified to lay a solid foundation in the future architecture of relations in the Caspian, as well as ensure a stable and sustainable development of the entire Caspian region .

One of the main events of this year, KCFR experts called the chairmanship of Kazakhstan in the UN Security Council. It should be agreed that this event will be the culmination for Kazakhstan as a non-permanent member in the key political body of the United Nations and will significantly contribute to the strengthening of the country's international prestige and image.

The issues raised by Kazakhstan on the UN Security Council platform indicate the political maturity of the state, which is concerned not only with the advancement of its national interests, but pays close attention to the state of stability and security throughout the Central Asian region, including political settlement and improving the socio-economic situation in Afghanistan. In general, Kazakhstan pursues the goal of turning the region into a zone of peace, cooperation and security.

Moreover, the topics declared for UN Security Council meetings under the chairmanship speak about Kazakhstan's responsibility for the fate of all mankind and touch upon such global security problems as nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation, as well as the buildup of nuclear potential that threatens the entire planet.

In addition, it should be noted that Kazakhstan is in favor of expanding the Security Council because in its present form the Security Council no longer reflects the realities of our world, since there are new centers of power that have arisen in the last two decades.

It is important to note that Kazakhstan expresses confidence that for a more adequate representation of the interests of all regions of the world, the number of its permanent members should increase.