under the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan
The President's Address to the People of Kazakhstan
New opportunities for development in the conditions of the fourth industrial revolution
Kazakhstan has everything necessary to enter the number of leaders of the new world
April 11, 2018, Moscow hosted an international conference on "Terrorism and internal Political Developments in Afghanistan; from war to political solutions regional engagements" organizered by Gumilev Center and attended by leading orientalists and security experts from Afghanistan, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia and Tajikistan.
The experts assessed the security challenges and threats to the Central Asian countries emerging in the context of the situation in Afghanistan, as well as the direction of the consolidated efforts of the states of the region against terrorism and drug trafficking.
The main emphasis was made on the domestic political developments in Afghanistan and the external background, in particular the pros and cons of a more centralized power in Afghanistan, possible scenario for peace transition and the effectiveness of the regional peacekeeping initiatives. The experts also expressed their opinion on the outcomes of the international conference "Peace Process, Cooperation in Security and Regional Cooperation" held recently in Tashkent
Lesya Karatayeva, KAZISS Chief Research Fellow spoke on the main trends that determine the current threats of terrorism, which, according to the expert, are the "return" of Al-Qaeda and the changing status of the Daesh. The expert stressed the main element of the new strategy of al-Qaeda to transfer activity into the information space leading to the decline of “expeditionary terrorism" that is being replaced by "homegrown terrorism", for examples blasts in the places of mass gathering.
As for the Daesh - who exploited the apocalyptic religious dogma - unlike Al-Qaeda, they have extensive and multi-level network of accounts in social networks. The loss of the Daesh positions in Syria led to a change in tactics; at the end of 2016, the they suggested that supporters carry out terrorist acts in the places of their residence that would be equated with the "jihad" in Syria. Thus, a new paradigm of terrorist activity does not require special skills, large financial costs and complex technical equipment.
In general, a new "volumetric" model of propaganda of violent extremism and terrorism is emerging. The generators of terrorist propaganda rely on fundamentally different ideological attitudes, focus on different target audiences and use different tools and channels.