In April of this year, was held a national training entitled “Social integration of migrants in Kazakhstan” in Aktobe. Event organizer: International Organization for Migration (IOM) in collaboration with the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
The Chief Researcher of the Kazakhstan Institute for Strategic Studies under the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan Irina Chernykh took part in a national training as a trainer-consultant.
As part of the training, she focused on such concepts as “integration of migrants”, its goals and types, possibilities of using best foreign integration practices in Kazakhstan and analyzing the social mechanisms of migrants' integration into the host community. The integration process applies to all aspects of social life and concerns both migrants and the country of destination of migration. Measures and mechanisms for the integration of migrants are aimed at assisting the most vulnerable groups of people, the successful inclusion of which in the receiving society has a cumulative effect. On the one hand, migrants can become active participants in the host community, contribute to its development and effectively self-realize. On the other hand, communities that practice positive integration models for migrants become more stable and secure, improve their human capital.
For Kazakhstan, the issue of migrant integration is a pressing issue, since the beginning of the 2000s, the country has become attractive for labor migrants from the Central Asian republics. Also, for the period of independence, about a million ethnic repatriates arrived in Kazakhstan. The concept of migration policy of the Republic of Kazakhstan for 2017–2021 focuses on the issues of regulating the optimal settlement of the population within the country, and the management of ethnic and labor migration.
As part of the training, different approaches to migration and integration of migrants were considered, the most important issues and opportunities for effective integration of migrants in Kazakhstan were identified. The training is aimed at developing participants' competences in understanding migration processes in Central Asia and Kazakhstan and skills in analyzing specific cases of migrants, identifying factors of their vulnerability and developing specific methods and mechanisms for their adaptation to the host community.