On February 9, 2020, early elections in the Milli Majlis were held in Azerbaijan. President of the Republic of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev signed a decree on the calling of early elections on December 5, 2019.
The Parliament - Milli Majlis - will elect 125 deputies for five years. They expect a lot from the elections, because they take place against the backdrop of large-scale structural and personnel reforms.
1314 candidates claimed 125 seats in a unicameral parliament. Of these, 11 were nominated by initiative groups of voters, 246 by nineteen political parties, and 1057 were self-nominated. In their composition, women made up 21 percent of the total number of candidates, men - 79. More than 5.3 million citizens were included in the voting lists. Polling stations were open from 8.00 to 19.00 local time.
According to the legislation, a citizen of Azerbaijan older than 18 can participate in the elections. The youngest candidate to vote was born in 2001, and the oldest in 1938. Ballots were printed for voting in Braille, and to ensure transparency in elections, the practice of marking fingers with colorless ink was used to avoid re-voting. A similar practice has been using since 2005. Marking is done by marking the thumb of the voter's left hand. The presence of invisible ink on the fingers of voters is carried out using special emitters.
On election day, there were 5426 permanent polling stations in 125 constituencies of Azerbaijan. The number of local observers was 77,790, among which 35,152 were representatives of political parties.
883 international observers from 58 countries and 59 organisations observed the voting process. From the Republic of Kazakhstan, 43 observers participated in the election observation. As international observers, representatives of the Republic of Kazakhstan observed the opening of polling stations, the voting process, the counting of votes and the tabulation of election results. Representatives of the Kazakh delegation carried out monitoring in the cities of Baku, Lenkaran and in 4 regions of the Republic of Azerbaijan - Barda, Zagatala, Shamkir, Agjabadi.
According to the Central Election Commission of Azerbaijan, the voter turnout was 47.81%. According to data from all 125 constituencies, the number of mandates of the ruling New Azerbaijan Party (New Azerbaijan) in the new Parliament will be about 70 out of 125.
Madina Nurgaliyeva, the Adviser to the Director of the Kazakhstan Institute for Strategic Studies under the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, candidate of political sciences, took part in the elections in the Republic of Azerbaijan as part of the CIS Observer Mission.