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A new democratization trend in the region

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The transition to a single presidential term can be perceived as a necessity within the framework of the ongoing changes in the political system of the country. It is a question of extending the term of office from 5 to 7 years with no possibility for re-election.

In its time, the seven-year presidential term was established in France in 1873 as a temporary measure to contain a possible monopolization of power. Thus, the change of terms and multiplicity of re-elections is quite an effective tool in the system of checks and balances.

It should also be noted that in Kazakhstan, within the framework of the referendum, a number of measures have already been taken to delimit powers. First, a ban on combining presidential and party positions has been enshrined. Secondly, a ban was introduced on the possibility of holding political positions and leadership positions in the quasi-sector for the closest relatives of the president. Together with the new characteristics of the powers of the president, all of this leads to a step-by-step introduction of new forms of political management of the country.

In general, two important components can be singled out as advantages of the new order of formation and functioning of the institution of the presidency. This is the introduction of deterrents to the concentration of power through the impossibility of re-election for a second term. As well as providing an opportunity to conduct a consistent political agenda by the elected president through averaged terms of office.

Zhanar SANKHAYEVA, Leading research fellow of KazISS under the President of RK

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